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The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”), which was enacted on December 22, 2017, had a significant one-time impact on the net income of many U.S. companies that were reported after that date. As a result, U.S. Net Income multiples may have been temporarily, but materially impacted by some of the provisions in the TCJA and, which might require specific-company adjustments not reflected in the multiples reported herein. An industry must have a minimum of 5 company participants to be calculated.
For all reported multiples in the U.S. and Canada, the average number of companies in the calculation sample was 78 (U.S.), and 28 (Canada); the median number of companies in the calculation sample was 38 (U.S.), and 12 (Canada). Sample set includes publicly-traded companies (private companies are not included). Source: Data derived from Standard & Poor’s Capital IQ databases. Reported multiples are median ratios (excluding negatives or certain outliers). MVIC = Market Value of Invested Capital = Market Value of Equity plus Book Value of Debt. EBIT = Earnings Before Interest and Taxes for the last 12 months. EBITDA = Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization for the last 12 months. Note that due to the exclusion of negative multiples from the analysis, the number of companies used in the computation of each of the three reported multiples across the same industry may differ, which may occasionally result in a counterintuitive relationship between those multiples (e.g. the MVIC-to-EBITDA multiple may exceed MVIC to EBIT).